Part of Hinduism. Introduced 600 CE.
The Hindu tradition which places Sakti, divine female power, as the central object of worship. The Supreme Being is identified as being a Goddess, called by various names including Durga, Devi, Kali, Sri and Laksmi, each name indicating a different aspect of the Godess.
The Devi Mahatmyam (meaning 'Glorification of the Goddess'), written in the 6th or 7th Century CE, is the first text to identify Devi as supreme being.
'Markandeya-Purana' and 'Saktism' in Oxford Dictionary of World Religions, ed. by John Bowker (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997).
Ninian Smart, The World's Religions (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995), p.88.